Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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  Ethonym for one of the European races of Lapouge (European, Alpine, and Homo contractus), a taxon not considered valid today. Physically, Alpines were hybrids, with round heads, stocky bodies, and had medium European skin complexions; this race was alleged to have dull intelligence, and to be stubborn and miserly. Geographically, Alpines were distributed from Switzerland through to the Balkans.

  1. strictly defined, in reference to the habitats and organisms (including, in the past, humans) found in the European Alps.

See Alpine.

2. used in reference to environments and organisms found between the tree line and the snow line of mountains.

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