Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Amud Cave

Archaeological site found in 1959 in Wadi Amud, north of the town of Tiberias, near Haifa, Israel, dated to 50-27kya, and that contains Levallois-Mousterian tools and intentionally buried hominid remains, including the skeleton of a 25 year old male (Amud 1). Part of the Near Eastern Neandertal group (see Near Eastern fossil groups), with closest affinities to Shanidar and Tabun. Remains of about 15 individuals have been attributed to Homo neanderthalensis. Dating of the cave is controversial, as pottery from higher levels has been mixed with the Middle Paleolithic levels. Aka Wadi Amud, Valley of the Pillar; not the same cave as Zuttiyeh, which is sometimes also called Wadi Amud.

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