Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Archaeological sites found in 1992 and 1993 in the Middle Awash River valley region near Hadar, Ethiopia, dated to just less than 4.4 mya. The sites (1, 6 and 7) contain Canthium seeds and fossil colobines, suggesting the paleoenvironment was possibly a closed, densely wooded habitat on a broad alluvial plain, inhabited by kudus and arboreal monkeys. The site also yielded fragmentary hominid remains of from 17-40 individuals (e.g. ARA-VP 6/1), including those attributed to Ardipithecus (Cf. Australopithecus) ramidus.

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