Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Archaeolemur Filhol, 1895

Genus of extinct subfossil Malagasy prosimians belonging to the Archaeolemuridae; two species, A. majori and A. edwardsi. Recovered from sites throughout Madagascar dating between 2850 and 1000 BP. Terrestrial; diurnal; quadrupedal. Body mass around 22 kg. Dental formula: 2.1.3.3/1.1.3.3; molars are bilophodont, the first premolar is caniniform, and the premolars form a shearing edge; incisors and canines reduced, face shortened; diet unknown, but dentition is suggestive of granivory with fruit supplements.

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