Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Archaeolemuridae Major, 1896

Family of subfossil Malagasy prosimians that are closely allied to the Indriidae. Some authorities give this group subfamily status within the Indriidae; two genera. They appear to have become extinct about 1 kya, possibly due to human activities. These prosimians were larger than any living indriids, although not the largest of the subfossil Malagasy lemurs, and are considered the ecological equivalent of baboons, hence the common name baboon lemurs. They have dental and skeletal features convergent with Old World monkeys.

See Archaeolemur and Hadropithecus.

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