Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Order that contains the even-toed hoofed mammals; this order contains 194 species and includes swine, camels, deer and cattle. Artiodactyls are important to hominid evolution because they became important food sources; after domestication, many varieties were produced within each of several species as humans learned to manipulate the heritability of desired traits. Darwin called this process domestic selection.

Cf. Perissodactyla.

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