Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Aryanism

Philological term linking most European, Iranian and Indian languages into a common language family, Indo-European; early scholars supposed the geographical focus to have been Bactria or the Hindu Kush; those supporting a biblical chronology suggested eastern Turkey because of the site of Mount Ararat, near Armenia and Iran; Retzius and other craniometrists suggested that true Aryans had been dolichocephalic, a theme continued by Virchow and de Gobineau; American economist Theodor Poesche first suggested in 1878 that Aryans were Nordic.

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