(1743-1820) British botanist, President of the Royal Society
(1778-1820); one of the great patrons of natural science
and also a scientist in his own right. Banks was the companion of Captain James Cook on a voyage of circumnavigation (1768), and also explored Newfoundland and Iceland. Banks was the author of the policy that placed naturalists on board British naval vessels, and which thus impacted the lives of Charles Darwin
, Daniel Solander and many other young men of the nineteenth century.