Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Blombos Cave

Archaeological site found in 1991 near Still Bay (Stillbaal) in the southern Cape, South Africa, and is dated to 100 kya (min. 70 kya). In its lower levels, the site contains Middle Stone Age hearths and artifacts such as silk red stone blades, perforated tick shells for personal adornment (c. 75 kya), and awls indicative of clothing manufacture. Evidence for marine exploitation includes fishbones. Red ochre was employed in ritual use and incised with symbols.

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