Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Boule, Pierre Marcellin

French paleontologist. In 1908-12, excavated the rockshelter at La Chapelle-aux-Saints, including its Mousterian tools and neandertaloid hominid remains (1912). Boule also reconstructed the arthritic Old Man of La Chapelle as if he were a clinically normal type specimen for a new species, and the result was a popular image of a hirsute, short, robust, hunched-over cave man with a massive supra-orbital torus, a stereotype that still survives in the public mind. Proposed the presapiens hypothesis. Author of Les Hommes Fossiles (1921).

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