Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Brain, Charles Kimberlin (Bob)

Zoologist, taphonomist at the Transvaal Museum (Pretoria), South Africa. Brain was a primary investigator at Swartkrans after the mid-1950s. One of the early advocates of taphonomy, especially with respect to weakening of the killer ape hypothesis and re-examination of the putative osteodontokeratic culture. He also pioneered studies demonstrating a relationship between bone strength and taphonomic event survival. Author of 165 scientific articles and The Hunters or the Hunted?: An Introduction to African Cave Taphonomy (1981), in which he suggested, after a twodecade study, that the Swartkrans hominids were hunted by leopards; aka the leopard hill hypothesis.

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