Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Breuil, Henri Édouard Prosper

French Abbé and prehistorian; ordained 1897. An interest in Paleolithic art and prehistoric archaeology led to his contributions in both areas. Professor at the National Museum of Natural History (1910-) and College de France (1929-47). Breuil proposed that the people who painted the animals and symbols in European caves believed that they exercised ritual control over predators and prey. Breuil also reclassified the extant Paleolithic industries into a form recognizable today, and in which the importance of the Aurignacian was emphasized.

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