Scots-born South African physician and mammal anatomist; in 1938 it was Broom who
located and, with John Robinson, described Paranthropus robustus (Australopithecus robustus), the second species
then known from South Africa. Broom had received earlier acclaim for his paleontological work on mammal-like reptiles and had been awarded the Medal of the Royal Society
for this work. Author of more than 450 papers and monographs.