Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Buffon, De, Compte Georges-Louis Leclerc

French naturalist. Applied Newtonian methods to plant physiology and eventually became director of the Jardin du Roi in Paris. His 44-volume Histoire naturelle was modeled after Aristotle’s works and contained material of biological interest as well as reports of several experiments that questioned the age of the earth. With Immanuel Kant, he was among the first to suggest that the evidence showed that the earth was of extremely old age. First to define species in terms of reproductive barriers.

Cf. Ussher.

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