Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Camper, Petrus (Peter)

Dutch physician and draftsman, who developed the facial angle to measure degrees of prognathism, c. 1791. Described what he believed to be a graded relationship among humans and apes. Was among the first anthropometrists to define norma lateralis (auriculospinalis). Camper was a biblical monogenist who held that there were four natural divisions of humans, and agreed with Buffon that these were due to climate, food, and customs.

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