Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Transitory cultural stage of the late Mesolithic that bridges from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic; sites known from Mesopotamia, the Levant, and Europe. Characteristic factory sites are located near sources of flint (mines) and artifacts consist almost entirely of flint tools and waste comprising cores, flakes, and thick blades, as well as roughed out and/or fully finished biface axes, adzes, chisels and picks. Arrowheads and sickle blades are rare or absent. Because the artifacts are relatively large and coarse, the sites have also been described as Heavy Neolithic. Aka proto-Neolithic.

Cf. Natufian and Capsian.

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