Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Cantius (Pelycodus) Simons, 1962

Adapoid prosimian from the early Eocene of North America and Europe, belonging to the notharctid subfamily Notharctinae; ten known species; most primitive adapoid. Previously included within Pelycodus, which some authorities still recognize; one of the distinctions between Cantius and Pelycodus is geographical location, the former being found in the more northern latitudes of North America. Appears to be the ancestor of Notharctus. Dental formula:; dental morphology suggests frugivory; some species exhibit sexual dimorphism in canine size. Body mass estimated to range from 1 to 3 kg. One of the three adapoids with an unfused mandibular symphysis, a condition found in the living prosimians.

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