Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Cebus Erxleben, 1777

Platyrrhine genus to which the capuchin monkeys belong, consisting of four species; aka organ-grinder or ring-tail monkeys, sapajou. Capuchins are generally divided into two groups: tufted and untufted. Widely distributed from Central America into South America on both sides of the Andes and as far south as Paraguay and Argentina; some species sympatric on certain parts of this range. Diurnal; arboreal quadrupeds with a semiprehensile tail and opposable thumb. Range in body mass from 1 to 4 kg. Dental formula:; diet varied, but principally frugivorous. Troops of 6-50; more females, but dominated by an older male; polygamous mating pattern; often found in association with squirrel monkeys (genus Saimiri).

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