Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Cercamoniinae (Protoadapinae)

Subfamily of prosimians belonging to the adapoid family Notharctidae; known from the early Eocene to the early Oligocene; predominantly a European taxon with a few later representatives in Asia, Africa, and one from North America; approximately 18 genera of small to medium-sized forms ranging from 200 g to 4 kg. Dental formula: 2.1.4.3/2.1.4.3 or 2.1.3.3/2.1.3.3; body size and dentition suggest frugivory in the larger genera. Fused mandibular symphysis. Known postcrania indicate leaping abilities as well as slow quadrupedalism and climbing. Cercamoniines comprised a sizable portion of the European fauna.

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