Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Chagas’ Disease

Uncommon protozoan disease caused by infection with Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by the bite or feces of an infected species of bloodsucking bug (the kissing bug). Of New World origin, primarily Brazil. Symptoms in adults include fever, gastrointestinal complications and possible cardiomyopathy; Charles Darwin recorded having been bitten by a kissing bug in South America, and there has been some speculation that the pattern of his later illness was compatible with this disease. Aka American trypanosomiasis.

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