Spanish-born Mexican physical anthropologist
; studied in Geneva and held various teaching and institute positions in Mexico, including as head
of the Anthropology Section
at the National University of Mexico after 1955. He is remembered as a teacher, bibliophile and prolific journal editor, but also published 150 scholarly papers, many on the fallacies of racism
, especially scientific racism
. Author of Manual of Physical Anthropology
(1957; English transl. 1960), and Introducción a la prehistoria general (1962).