Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Archaeological site found in 1868 in the Vézère Valley near Les Eyzies, Dordogne, France, dated to 30-25 kya (Würm glaciation) that contains artifacts of an evolved Aurignacian tool industry as well as ivory pendants and worked antlers and shells. Hominid remains include five to eight deliberate burials with extensive sexual dimorphism; all attributed to Homo sapiens. One specimen, the old man of Cro-Magnon (Le vieillard), has a cranium with a dolichopentagonal form and a cranial capacity of 1600 cm3, and was afflicted with actinomycosis.

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