Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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De Vries, Hugo Marie

Dutch cytologist; the first of three to rediscover and cite Gregor Mendel’s work in 1900. De Vries adopted the term mutation for the previous term sport, a jump in a lineage arising out of normal parents (1901); he believed that mutations were the cause of speciation, or created variation that could be acted upon by natural selection. Author of Intracelluläre Pangenesis (1889), Die Mutationstheorie (1903) and Species and Varieties, Their Origin by Mutation (1906).

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