Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Ekgmouwechashala Philotau MacDonald, 1963

Enigmatic tarsiiform from the early Miocene of North America, belonging to the omomyid subfamily Ekgmouwechashalinae; its genus epithet is derived from the Lakota language and means little cat man; monotypic; exact relationships within the Omomyidae uncertain; some workers think that this genus is omomyine-derived. Estimated body mass around 2 kg. Dental formula: 2.1.3.3; anterior molar is the largest and the following molars decrease in size, unusual for a primate; all molars are low-crowned; dentition is convergent with the olingo, a member of the raccoon family, and based on this comparison Ekgmouwechashala is speculated to be frugivorous.

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