Organized in 1918 in New York by Charles Davenport and Madison Grant (1865-1937), the society
was dedicated to the study of racial anthropology
. This was a small but politically influential group
that also included H. F. Osborn, William King Gregory (1876-1970), John C.
Merriam (1869-1945), Edward L. Thorndike (1874-1949), Frederick A. Wood (1873-1939), and R. M. Yerkes. This group
during the first two decades of the twentieth century, and influenced Ellis Island policy, culminating in the US Immigration Restriction
Act of 1924.