Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Garrod, Archibald Edward

English physician; while studying the rare disease alkaptonuria in the children of a marriage between first cousins, Garrod applied Mendel’s principles to humans for the first time, concluding that the disease was genetic, and an example of an autosomal recessive. Garrod later showed that albinism and other conditions behaved in a similarly predictable manner. Author of Inborn errors of metabolism (1902), in the Lancet.

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