Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Gibraltar

Archaeological site found in 1848 and reworked in 1926-8 at Forbes’ Quarry, Gibraltar, dated to about 50 kya (early Würm), and that contains Levallois-Mousterian artifacts. Hominid remains included an adult female cranium and the Devils Tower child’, with a perikymata-estimated age of 3 years, which had a 1400 cm3 brain suggestive of a relatively precocious growth pattern. Attributed to Homo neanderthalensis. The significance of the find remained unrecognized until it was discovered in a small local museum in 1864, when it was recognized as a Neandertal. Aka Devil’s Tower, Gorham’s Cave, Forbes’ Quarry, Rock-Gun.

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