Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Hershkovitz, Philip

US mammalogist at the field Museum of Natural History, noted for work on neotropical mammals, especial faunal origins, metachromism, evolution, taxonomy, and the systematics of New World primates.It was his work with rodents and primates that led to the rafting hypothesis, that these groups originated in Africa rather than North America as had been earlier supposed. He described 75 mammalian taxa including many primates and was instrumental in the rigorous revision of neotropical primate taxonomy. His work with field mice helped end an epidemic of hemorrhagic fever and he was credited with saving hundreds of lives in Bolivia. He was the ASP Distinguished Primatologist in 1991. Author of Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini, Vol. I) (1977). Volume II was never completed.

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