Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Hrdlička, Aleš

Bohemian-born US physical anthropologist, physician; founder and first president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) in 1930, and first editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA) in 1918. An early supporter of the view that Native Americans originated in Asia (Hrdlička’s thesis) and that there had never been Neandertals in the Americas. Correct in his dismissal of Piltdown as an anomaly and in his critique of the hominid status of Ramapithecus, but he incorrectly dismissed the Taung child as a great ape. Author of Ancient Man in North America (1907).

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