Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Indri É. Geoffroy & G. Cuvier, 1796

Monotypic prosimian genus to which the indris belongs; aka short-tailed indris, dog-faced lemur, endrina, or babakoto. Inhabits rain forest of east-central Madagascar. Arboreal; diurnal; vertical clinging and leaping locomotion. Tail is a short stub. Largest of the living prosimians, body mass ranging from 7 to 11 kg. Dental formula in dispute, either 2.1.2.3/2.0.2.3 or 2.1.2.3/1.1.2.3. Proponents of both formulae agree there are 30 teeth and that there are only four teeth in the dental comb. Folivorous, but chooses young leaves and shoots; adaptations to leafy diet include enlarged salivary glands. Live in monogamous family groups; territories are delineated by sound.

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