Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Archaeological site found in 1927, a limestone cave in Mount Carmel, near Haifa, Palestine (now Israel), with early horizons, dated to 64-45 kya (TL, ESR), and that contains Mousterian artifacts. Hominid remains from the earliest horizons include an infant (Kebara 1), and a nearly complete postcranial adult male skeleton (Kebara 2) and hyoid bone possibly representing a burial; the pelvis has been the focus of special attention. Associated remains are attributed to Homo neanderthalensis. Upper deposits include elements of sequentially more recent traditions, including the Aurignacian, a Kebaran variant of the Upper Paleolithic, the Natufian, and deposits from the historic period, as well. The Aurignacian level yielded fragmentary remains of nine AMHs, eighteen charred individuals from the Kebaran, and fifteen from the Natufian. Aka Wadi el-Mughara, Mugharet el-Kebara.

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