Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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King, Mary-Claire

Clinical and forensic geneticist at UC Berkeley and the University of Washington, human rights activist; PhD Berkeley, worked with Allan Wilson. Their 1975 paper reported that human and chimpanzee DNAs are 98.4% identical. King later was the first to find that breast cancer is inherited in about 5% of families. She also does research on inherited deafness and systemic lupus erythematosis. She has worked with the Argentinian Commission on the Disappearance of Persons and the United Nations War Crimes Tribunal, and has published 200 scientific papers, including ‘Evolution at two levels in humans and chimpanzee’ (1975), with A. Wilson (Science, 188: 107).

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