Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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La Chapelle-aux-Saints

Archaeological site found in 1908 in a grotto near Brive, Corrèze, France, dated to about 56-47 kya (ESR dating; Würm), and that contains evolved Mousterian (Quina) artifacts and hominid remains that include a deliberately buried male with a cranial capacity of 1625 cm3, which has been assigned to Homo neanderthalensis. The remains of this male were the first Neandertal postcranial material ever discovered, and represent a robust, pathological old man with extensive antemortem tooth los, osteoarthritis, and long bone curvature. He was buried with a bison leg and food offerings. Aka the Old Man of La Chapelle.

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