Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Leakey, Louis Seymour Bazett

Kenyan anthropologist and paleontologist, father of Kenyan archaeology. At a time when human origins were considered to lie in Asia (1931), Leakey excavated at Olduvai Gorge in support of Darwin’s proposal that Africa was the cradle of mankind. Leakey and his wife Mary Leakey eventually described fossil specimens of Kenyapithecus (found at Fort Ternan and Rusinga Island); Zinjanthropus (Paranthropus boisei); Homo habilis, associated with Oldowan tools; and Homo erectus, associated with Acheulean tools. The Leakeys also described many possible scavenging or butchering sites. Awarded the Hubbard Medal in 1962.

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