Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Infection caused by a flagellate protozoan (Leishmania braziliensis). Endemic in Central and South America, where it is vectored by sand fly females, genus Phlebotomus; reservoirs include rodents and domestic dogs. Causes ulceration of the mucous membranes of the nose and throat; similar forms occur in Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean, where it is caused by Leishmania tropica. Aka kala-azar, forest yaws, bouba braziliana, espundia, and uta; Cf. Bartonellosis.

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From "Dictionary of Nursing and Individual Health Care"