Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Lemur Catta Linnaeus, 1758

Ring-tailed lemur; monotypic species. Located in southern and southwestern Madagascar. Inhabits variable environment, ranging from dry deciduous forest to scrub forest. Semiterrestrial (spends about 30% of time on the ground); diurnal; quadrupedal. Gray pelage with blackand-white ringed tail; slight sexual dimorphism in body size. Body mass ranges from 1.5 to 3 kg. Possess carpal glands; in the male these are overlaid by horny spurs, with which they scent-mark areas. Dental formula: 3.1.3.3; diet varies according to habitat, but shows some degree of frugivory or folivory. Social organization is mixed-sex troops of 20-30 individuals; females dominant.

See also Eulemur and Varecia.

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