Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Lombroso, Cesare

Italian criminologist at Turin; founder of the continental criminal anthropology movement of the late nineteenth century, now discredited, according to which criminals were either situational criminals (forced by poverty, and so forth), or born criminals. This latter group, alleged Lombroso, could be identified by certain stigmata, atavistic anomalies (see atavism) usually found in primitive men and inferior animals but could be reproduced in our times in born criminals. Lombroso is important to the history of physical anthropology because of his extreme typological thinking.

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