Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Lyme Disease

Infection caused by a spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi) and vectored by a minute tick (Ixodes dammini or I. pacificus); endemic in North America and possibly Europe. Adult ticks feed on deer, but nymph forms feed on deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), which are the immediate cause of transmission to humans. Three progressive stages: bull’s eye rash (erythema chronicum migrans, or ECM), facial palsy, and migrating arthritis. Aka Lyme borreliosis.

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From "Dictionary of Nursing and Individual Health Care"