Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Macaca (Cynopithecus) Lacepede, 1799

Catarrhine genus to which the macaques belong. Contains 12-19 species depending on source; sometimes separated into four species groups based on reproductive morphology. Most geographically widespread primate group except for humans; mainly Asian, but with one species in North Africa. Occupy a wide variety of habitats ranging from semi-desert to temperate montane forest. All species are arboreal and terrestrial, although they differ in the amount of time they spend in either environment; diurnal; quadrupedal. Range in body size from 2.5 to 15 kg; sexually dimorphic in body and canine size. Dental formula: 2.1.2.3; frugivorous; possess cheek pouches for food storage. Ischial callosities well developed. Live in mixed-sex troops, which undergo fission into smaller foraging units during the day; females are the resident sex and there are two to four more females than males in groups. The troop can be as small as 8 or number over 700 individuals. species. macaque: cercopithecine monkey belonging to the genus Macaca; most widespread and successful (at least 16 species) group of monkeys.

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