Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Malthus, Thomas Robert

English clergyman, political economist, and professor at East India Company College (1805-34). Malthus quantified the relationship between growth in populations and food supplies (see subsistence) in his Essay on the Principles of Population (1798), in which he stated that limited (arithmetic) growth in food supplies provides natural checks to increase on the geometric growth characteristics of human populations. Malthus was widely read, and his writings directly influenced both Charles Darwin and A. R. Wallace.

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