Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Mayr, Ernst Walter

German-born US evolutionary biologist, ornithologist, historian of biology; early fieldwork in the Solomons and New Guinea led him to support the neo-Darwinian view of evolution then developing; known especially for a 1950 paper on fossil taxonomy in which he lumped, rather than split, taxa; appointed professor of Zoology at Harvard; author of many subsequent books on systematics and the species question (especially allopatric speciation and evolutionary systematics), on evolutionary theory, and on Darwinism.

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