Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Mendel, Gregor Johann (Fr)

Austrian Moravian monk who conducted classic experiments with the garden pea, defining basic genetic principles such as the recessive pattern of inheritance. Mendel demonstrated that what he called factors (today’s genes) are discrete units inherited in pre-dictable patterns (see segregation). Two papers (1866, 1869) and a few letters are all that remain of his scientific work, which was misunderstood and infrequently cited during his lifetime. When Mendel’s work was rediscovered in 1900, it became the foundation for modern genetics. Adjective: Mendelian.

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