Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Micropithecus Clarki

Monotypic genus of hominoid from the early Miocene of East Africa belonging to the catarrhine family Proconsulidae. One of the Miocene apes that has been suggested as an ancestor to living gibbons; an endocast from this species reveals a very gibbonlike brain surface pattern. Dionysopithecus from Asia is very similar and some workers think that it should be included in Micropithecus. Smallest verified ape, with an estimated body mass ranging between 3 and 4 kg. Dental formula:; large incisors and small cheek teeth, similar to those of living gibbons and suggestive of frugivory.

See Simiolus.

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