Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Middle Stone Age

In Africa, a stone tool tradition generally dated from about 100 to 40 kya; characterized by the carefully prepared stone cores used for the production of flake tools. The African MSA was also a time when regional variation in technologies became greater than in the past. In some sites, researchers think they see African antecedents to the Sebilian and Aurignacian tool traditions found later and further north. In Europe, cultures that flourished about 150-35 kya; the best-known tradition among these is the Mousterian culture carried by the Neandertals. Aka Mesolithic.

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