Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Morton, Samuel George

US physician, anatomist and craniometrician; in his Crania Americana (1839), Morton created the first American racial typology, changing Blumenbach’s five human varieties into fully distinct, categorical primeval races; supported the polygenism of Lord Kames (Henry Home). Morton’s scheme was used to justify slavery in the US South as elaborated by the Americans Josiah Knott and George Gliddon. Morton’s methodology was later expanded by the French anthropologist Paul Broca.

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