Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Mousterian Tool Tradition

Middle Paleolithic stone tool technology usually associated with Neandertals and perhaps some early modern Homo sapiens groups, characterized by the pre-preparation of stone cores from which finished flakes could be removed as needed. The Mousterian tool kit also included side scrapers and spear points, the latter being early examples of composite tools; represented in Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. Named after the type site of Le Moustier in southwestern France.

See Levallois and LevalloisoMousterian.

Cf. the Upper Paleolithic traditions such as the Châtelperronian.

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