Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Archaic ethonym for many autochthonous peoples of Africa, Australasia, and the Pacific, derived from the Spanish term for black or dark. Negroid peoples are characterized by moderate to deep melanization, slight body hair, small ears, black head hair that may range from a light curl to woolly or frizzy, a nose with a low bridge, a narrow to medium broad face, and everted lips; height extremely variable. This group includes the Forest Negro, the Nilotic Negro, and the Oceanic Negro. Historically, one of the major races of humans. Over time, this definition has changed, and included the subSaharan peoples of Africa and sometimes peoples of the South Pacific, but it usually excluded the Khoisan.

See Capoid, Congoid.

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