Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Ngandong

Archaeological site found in 1931 on the Solo River in central Java, originally dated to 1.4-1.0 mya (but a recent reassessment proposed dates as recent as 100-27 kya), and that contains only a very few Developed Oldowan cores and flakes of chalcedony. Hominid remains collected in 1931-3 and attributed to Homo erectus include Ngandong 1 (cranial capacity 1172 cm3, aka Solo I), Ngandong 6 (1251 cm3, aka Solo V), Ngandong 7 (1013 cm3, aka Solo VI), Ngandong 11 (1231 cm3, aka Solo X), and Ngandong 12 (1090 cm3, aka Solo XI). Older material was attributed to Pithecanthropus (Homo erectus) soloensis.

Cf. Homo wadjakensis. The original fossils were shipped as tiger skulls to von Koenigswald. The reassessment of both the later date and the morphology of this site has resulted in the proposal that this material now be classified in the archaic Homo sapiens group. Aka Solo River, Solo Man.

See Sambungmacan.

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