Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Oldowan Tool Tradition

Early Paleolithic stone tool culture; a method of manufacturing crude tools used by certain hominids in Africa between 2.6 and 1.5mya that was practiced by Homo habilis and possibly one or more of the australopithecine species. Oldowan tools are simple chopper tools made by removing several flakes from an unquarried local stone, by striking with a hammer stone. The cores were used as choppers and the flakes were used as cutting tools. Type site: Olduvai Gorge; named by Louis Leakey in 1936. Mary Leakey has identified more than twenty distinct implements considered part of the habiline tool kit, but the earliest levels (Bed I) contain six implement types, whereas later Bed II sites contain ten. Aka Oldowan Culture and Oldowan Industry.

See Kada Gona.

Cf. Developed Oldowan tradition.

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