Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Otavipithecus Namibiensis Conroy, Senut, Gommery, Pickford And Mein, 1992

Monotypic genus of hominoids from the middle Miocene (c. 13 mya) of southern Africa (Namibia); phylogenetic relationships uncertain, but the recovered material shows affinities with Dryopithecus; the cheek teeth are thinly enameled. The holotype consists only of a right mandible bearing four teeth; a phalanx is also known. Estimated body mass between 14 and 20 kg. Dental formula: 2.1.2.3; dentition suggests either frugivory or folivory. The phalanx suggests arboreal quadrupedalism.

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